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Appendicitis Symptoms Causers Diagnosis and Treatment

Appendicitis is the acute inflammation of the appendix. Appendix is a worm shaped vestigial organ that measures up to four inches and extends from the lower end of the large intestine, also known as cecum. Even though this particular organ doesn’t portray any significant role in the functioning of our body, appendix demands the same kind of care like the rest of our organs do. If proper treatment is not made, such an inflammation in the appendix can cause its rupture, which can sometimes be really life-threatening. 

Appendicitis is one of the most common abdominal medical ailments and typically affects mostly the young, between the ages of 10 and 35. Always seek immediate medical attention if you think you have appendicitis. 

Causes for Appendicitis 

The primary cause of appendicitis is the blockage of the entrance of appendix, either due to ingestion of non digestible materials or accumulation of stool materials. Sometimes infection in the respiratory tract leads to swelling of the lymph node within the walls of the bowel, leading to blockage of the appendix. Such kinds of obstructions lead to swelling/inflammation of this vestigial organ, precaution of which if not taken on time could lead to its bursting. This can sometimes be fatal. It is important to understand that there are no assured ways to prevent appendicitis.

 

Symptoms/Signs of Appendicitis

Some of the primary signs that could suggest an individual might be suffering from appendicitis are – 

  • Loss of appetite and Nausea 
  • Inflammation of the abdominal region 
  • Frequent high temperature fever
  • Infection of the urinary system
  • Acute Constipation
  • Severe abdominal pain with Nausea
  • Flatus obstruction causing inflammation

Although, these symptoms could arise for reasons other than ailments related to appendix as well, but it is always prudent to seek medical attention immediately, because timely diagnosis and treatment is vital. 

Diagnosis

Even most doctors believe that diagnosing appendicitis is very tricky, for there are no textbook defined symptoms to pin point it. In cases, where the confusion in diagnosis exists, medical experts recommend various tests to diagnose appendicitis. These tests may involve – pregnancy tests for women, ultra sound scanning on the appendix, CT scan, blood tests to check for symptoms of infections, urine test to pin point on the reason for infections etc. 

In some cases, you doctor may even recommend a laparoscopy to examine your appendix and pelvic organs if the diagnosis is still uncertain from the above mentioned tests. Furthermore, in case of uncertainty over the diagnosis, your doctor may even rely on waiting up to 2-3 days to see if your signs improve or stay the same or get worse before advising on the treatment.

Treatment

In almost all cases of appendicitis, doctors recommend removal of appendix as soon as possible. Surgery is also mostly advised even if there's only slight chance appendicitis but it's not been possible to make a clear diagnosis. It means to say that some people will have their appendix removed even though in due course of time the organ is found to be completely normal. The procedure of removal of one’s appendix is called appendicectomy or appendectomy. Appendectomy is mainly carried out using either keyhole surgery (laparoscopy) or open surgery under general anaesthetics.

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